Connecting to freenode
The freenode network can be accessed via the freenode webchat or using an IRC client such as irssi, WeeChat, ERC, HexChat, Smuxi, Quassel or mIRC.
You can connect to freenode by pointing your IRC client at
on ports 6665-6667 and 8000-8002 for plain-text connections, or ports 6697, 7000
and 7070 for TLS-encrypted connections.
freenode provides TLS client access on all servers, on ports 6697, 7000 and 7070. Users connecting over TLS will be given user mode +Z, and is using a secure connection will appear in WHOIS (a 671 numeric).
In order to verify the server certificates on connection, some additional work may be required. First, ensure that your system has an up-to-date set of root CA certificates. On most linux distributions this will be in a package named something like ca-certificates. Many systems install these by default, but some (such as FreeBSD) do not. For FreeBSD, the package is named ca_root_nss, which will install the appropriate root certificates in /usr/local/share/certs/ca-root-nss.crt.
Certificate verification will generally only work when connecting to
freenode.net. If your client thinks the server's certificate is invalid,
make sure you are connecting to
chat.freenode.net rather than any other name
that leads to freenode.
For most clients this should be sufficient. If not, you can download the root certificate from LetsEncrypt.
Client TLS certificates are also supported, and may be used for identification to services. See this kb article. If you have connected with a client certificate, has client certificate fingerprint f1ecf46714198533cda14cccc76e5d7114be4195 (showing your certificate's SHA1 fingerprint in place of f1ecf46...) will appear in WHOIS (a 276 numeric).
freenode is also reachable via Tor, bound to some restrictions. You can't directly connect to chat.freenode.net via Tor; use the following hidden service as the server address instead:
The hidden service requires SASL authentication. In addition, due to the abuse that led Tor access to be disabled in the past, we have unfortunately had to add another couple of restrictions:
- You must log in using SASL
- If you log out while connected via Tor, you will not be able to log in without reconnecting.
If you haven't set up the requisite SASL authentication, we recommend SASL EXTERNAL. You'll need to generate a client certificate and add that to your NickServ account. This is documented in our knowledge base.
Connecting using SASL EXTERNAL requires that you connect using TLS encryption.
You'll then want to tell your client to try the
EXTERNAL mechanism. We lack
comprehensive documentation for this, but it's a feature in most modern
clients, so please check their docs for instructions for now.
A Tor hidden service name securely identifies the service you are connecting to. Verifying the TLS server certificate is strickly-speaking unnecessary while using the hidden service. Nonetheless the following methods can be used to verify the hidden service's TLS server certificate.
The best way to ensure the TLS server-side certificate successfully validates is to add the following fragment to your
torrc configuration file and configure your client to connect to
zettel.freenode.net via Tor. The TLS server certificate used by the hidden service will validate using this hostname.
# torrc snippet: MapAddress zettel.freenode.net ajnvpgl6prmkb7yktvue6im5wiedlz2w32uhcwaamdiecdrfpwwgnlqd.onion
Older clients that don't support SOCKS4a or later will need to use
MapAddress with an IP address, and the certificate will not validate successfully. In this case validation will need to be disabled.
Note that the hidden service's certificate changes periodically as it is updated. This means that the certificate fingerprint can not be reliably pinned. A few clients support public key pinning, however. For these clients the following public key fingerprint can be pinned:
# sha256 public key fingerprint E0:1B:31:80:56:D9:78:C4:2B:2D:3F:B2:DB:81:AB:03:15:59:BF:04:7E:31:E8:60:5F:98:07:A1:BB:8F:A3:0D